Microscopes

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Concepts

id wikipedia type applications keyAdvancements inventorDeveloper invented resolution
Optical Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_microscope Optical General biological and medical microscopy Improved lens quality and microscope design for better image clarity and detail. Zacharias Janssen (attributed) 1590 200
Electron Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_microscope Electron Cellular biology, materials science, virology Enhanced magnification and resolution, allowing visualization of structures at the atomic level. Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll 1931 0.2
Scanning Tunneling Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scanning_tunneling_microscope Scanning Probe Surface science, nanotechnology Ability to image surfaces at the atomic level. Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer 1981 0.1
Confocal Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confocal_microscopy Optical 3D imaging of biological samples Provides optical sectioning capability to observe multiple layers within specimens. Marvin Minsky 1957 200
Atomic Force Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_force_microscopy Scanning Probe Nanotechnology, surface engineering Can image non-conductive materials, providing a three-dimensional surface profile. Gerd Binnig, Calvin Quate, Christoph Gerber 1986 0.1
Fluorescence Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorescence_microscope Optical Biological sciences, medical diagnostics Uses fluorescence and phosphorescence to study properties of organic or inorganic substances. Oskar Heimstädt 1911 200
Phase Contrast Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phase_contrast_microscopy Optical Live cell imaging without staining Enhances contrast in transparent and colorless samples. Frits Zernike 1934 200
Transmission Electron Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_electron_microscopy Electron Material science, cancer research, virology Capable of imaging at a significantly higher resolution than light microscopes, down to the level of atomic structures. Ernst Ruska 1933 0.05
Scanning Electron Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scanning_electron_microscope Electron Materials research, forensic examinations, biological research Produces high-resolution images of a sample surface, revealing detailed topography. Manfred von Ardenne 1942 1
Digital Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_microscope Optical Education, industrial inspection, clinical research Integration with digital cameras and computers for enhanced imaging and analysis. Various contributors 1980 200
Stereo Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereo_microscope Optical Manufacturing, botany, entomology Provides a three-dimensional viewing experience by using two separate optical paths. Cherubin d'Orleans 1671 10000
X-ray Microscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-ray_microscopy X-ray Material sciences, paleontology Uses X-rays to penetrate samples and create images of the internal structure. Raymond Castaing 1946 50
Cryo-Electron Microscopy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryo-electron_microscopy Electron Structural biology, virology Allows imaging of samples at cryogenic temperatures, preserving native state. Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, Richard Henderson 1975 0.1

Measures

Name Values Coverage Question Example Type Source SortIndex IsComputed IsRequired IsConceptDelimiter Crux
id 13 100% What is the ID of this concept? Optical Microscope string 1 false true true
wikipedia 13 100% A URL to learn more about this kind of microscope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_microscope string 1.9 false
type 13 100% Classify each microscope by type (e.g., optical, electron, scanning probe) to allow users to filter and understand the specific applications and functionalities of different microscopes. Optical string 1.9 false
applications 13 100% Describe common or notable applications of each microscope type, such as biology, materials science, nanotechnology, etc. This helps users understand where a particular microscope can be best utilized. General biological and medical microscopy string 1.9 false
keyAdvancements 13 100% List significant improvements or iterations made over the initial model. This could include details on enhancements in resolution, usability, or adaptation to different scientific needs, showing the evolution of the technology. Improved lens quality and microscope design for better image clarity and detail. string 1.9 false
inventorDeveloper 13 100% Knowing who invented or developed the microscope can provide historical context and acknowledgment of significant contributions in the field. This also helps in understanding the geographical and institutional origins of Zacharias Janssen (attributed) string 1.9 false
invented 13 100% The year this telescope was invented 1590 number 1.9 false
resolution 13 100% The smallest resolution it can see, in nanometers. 200 number 1.9 false